Lesson 5: Modifiers

Lesson 5: Modifiers

In this lesson, we add start to modify our nouns by adding glyphs to the main noun glyph. We will also learn more about how to manipulate the blocks in order to find the best composition. We will use the same vocabulary that you'll find jan Pije’s lesson 5.

ike

ike

jaki

jaki

lawa

lawa

len

len

lili

lili

mute

mute

nasa

nasa

seli

seli

sewi

sewi

tomo

tomo

utala

utala

Compound nouns

If you feel you are starting to understand how to stack your glyph blocks, adding modifiers shouldn’t be too hard. Let’s look at jan Pije’s example, building up to this good soldier.

jan

jan

jan utala

jan utala

jan utala pona ni

jan utala pona ni

jan utala pona

jan utala pona

This compound noun block is equally at home as the subject, or direct object.

jan utala pona ni li lawa.

jan utala pona ni li lawa.

mi lawa e jan utala pona ni.

mi lawa e jan utala pona ni.

In chapter 2 we talked about tucking glyphs behind others. Look how well this works for the combination jan utala in these examples.

Short blocks: lili and mute

jan lili

jan lili

tomo mute

tomo mute

jan nasa mute

jan nasa mute

Lili and mute are wider and shorter than some of the more square glyphs.

As modifiers this can work to your advantage, as they don’t take up too much space. Often they can tuck right underneath the noun they are modifying.

Thin blocks: ni

telo nasa ni

telo nasa ni

ilo seli ni

ilo seli ni

Remember in lesson 1 we said syllable glyphs can be used instead of glyph blocks? As a glyph block, ni is pretty square, but as a syllable it is tall and thin.

len ni

len ni

This can be useful when ni is used as a modifier. Take a look at how ni works here as a syllable block and above as a glyph block. This can offer you a variety of ways to fill the given space in any situation.

Stretching and squishing blocks

ma ike jaki ni

ma ike jaki ni

ma ike jaki ni

ma ike jaki ni

Maybe you have started to notice, glyph blocks have a little bit of give to them.

ma ike jaki ni

ma ike jaki ni

They can stretch or squish in order to maintain a square shape in a multi-block structure.

ma ike jaki ni

ma ike jaki ni

ma ike jaki ni

ma ike jaki ni

If you understand how to tuck one glyph behind another, to stretch or squish glyphs, and use short and thin blocks, you will see just how many different arrangements there are for compound blocks.

ma ike jaki ni

ma ike jaki ni

ma ike jaki ni

ma ike jaki ni

Here are seven different ways to arrange ma ike jaki ni. Which one you would want to choose would depend on the how well it fits in the rest of the sentence.